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p53 mouse p53L25Q+W26S (L22Q+W23S) in human (QS mutant)

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Two strains expressing the p53QS were developed with different phenotype.


Jimenez, G. S., M. Nister, J. M. Stommel, M. Beeche, E. A. Barcarse, X. Q. Zhang, S. O'Gorman, and G. M. Wahl (2000) Nat Genet 26:37-43.

A transactivation-deficient mouse model provides insights into Trp53 regulation and function

The gene Trp53 is among the most frequently mutated and studied genes in human cancer, but the mechanisms by which it suppresses tumour formation remain unclear. We generated mice with an allele encoding changes at Leu25 and Trp26, known to be essential for transcriptional transactivation and Mdm2 binding, to enable analyses of Trp53 structure and function in vivo. The mutant Trp53 was abundant, its level was not affected by DNA damage and it bound DNA constitutively; however, it showed defects in cell-cycle regulation and apoptosis. Both mutant and Trp53-null mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) were readily transformed by oncogenes, and the corresponding mice were prone to tumours. We conclude that the determining pathway for Trp53 tumour-suppressor function in mice requires the transactivation domain.

Jimenez, G. S., M. Nister, M. Beeche, J. S. Stommel, E. Barcarse, S. O'Gorman, and G. M. Wahl (2005) Nat Genet 37:205.

Corrigendum: A transactivation-deficient mouse model provides insight into p53 regulation and function

Tang, M., G. M. Wahl, and M. Nister (2006) Nat Genet 38:395-6; author reply 396-7.

Explaining the biological activity of transactivation-deficient p53 variants.


Johnson, T. M., E. M. Hammond, A. Giaccia, and L. D. Attardi (2005) Nat Genet 37:145-152.

The p53(QS) transactivation-deficient mutant shows stress-specific apoptotic activity and induces embryonic lethality

The role of transcriptional activation in p53 function is highly controversial. To define this role in vivo, we generated a Trp53 knock-in construct encoding a protein carrying mutations of two residues that are crucial for transactivation (L25Q,W26S). Here we show that these mutations have selective effects on the biological functions of p53. Although its ability to activate various p53 target genes is largely compromised, the p53(QS) protein retains the ability to transactivate the gene Bax. The ability of the p53(QS) mutant protein to elicit a DNA damage-induced G1 cell cycle-arrest response is also partially impaired. p53(QS) has selective defects in its ability to induce apoptosis: it is completely unable to activate apoptosis in response to DNA damage, is partially unable to do so when subjected to serum deprivation and retains substantial apoptotic activity upon exposure to hypoxia. These findings suggest that p53 acts through distinct, stimulus-specific pathways to induce apoptosis. The importance of the biological activity of p53(QS) in vivo is underscored by our finding that expression of p53(QS), which cannot bind mdm2, induces embryonic lethality. Taken together, these results suggest that p53 has different mechanisms of action depending on specific contextual cues, which may help to clarify the function of p53 in preventing cancer.


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